ixora coccinea inflorescence

International Journal of Research Studies in Biosciences , 2, 71-74. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. This sun-loving shrub bears clusters of tubular flowers in Central and South Florida. Freely produced throughout the year. Pseudocercospora ixoricola causing leaf spots on Ixora coccinea in Brazil. http://apps.kew.org/seedlist/SeedlistServlet. Phytochemistry, 27, 2591–2598. Watkins JV, Sheeham TJ, 1975. In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Nora Grant. The genus name is thought to be derived from the Sanskrit "Iswari", the name of the Hindu goddess Parvati, to whom the flowers are offered in Indian temples; the specific epithet coccinea is Latin for scarlet or bright red, in reference to the flower colour (Quattrocchi, 2012). Gann et al. The leaves are large and wide, glossy and rounded. Ixora coccinea (also known as jungle geranium, flame of the woods or jungle flame or pendkuli) is a species of flowering plant in the family Rubiaceae. Cytologia, 52, 343-356. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 96, 68-78. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, (Edn 2 (revised)) . Leaves (9-)12-25 x (3.5)5-9(-12) cm, glabrous. Family Rubiaceae, Subclass Asteridae. Useful tropical plants database. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Not known from the wild; apparently a cultivar that was developed at and distributed from the Singapore Botanic Gardens. Reynolds and Forster (Austrobaileya 7(2): 253-278. The genus Ixora comprises more than 500 species of shrubs and small trees found worldwide mostly in moist and wet forests (Davis et al., 2009; Mouly et al., 2009). Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Seeds germinate between 32 and 70 days following sowing (Francis, 2004). Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. A decoction of the flowers or the bark is employed as a lotion against eye troubles, sores and ulcers while the leaves are used to treat diarrhoea (Ysrael and Van Valkenburg, 1999). Lateral roots frequently put out suckers; layering also occurs whenever a branch touches the ground (Francis, 2004). I. coccinea grows well in full sun and light to moderate shade. PIER, 2017. Ixora coccinea red inflorescence. A large number of cruciform florets gathered in the scattering inflorescence bloom in a hemispherical shape. In: Encyclopedia of Life . Kato, M., Kosaka, Y., Kawakita, A., Okuyama, Y., Kobayashi, C., Phimminith, T., Thongphan, D., 2008. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Inflorescence . Bracteate, pedicellate, complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, tetramerous, epigynous, large, showy, corolla tube very long. Paraphyly of Ixora and new tribal delimitation of Ixoreae (Rubiaceae): inference from combined chloroplast (rps16, rbcl, and trnT-F) sequence data. http://www.eol.org, EPPO, 2020. Ash content, crude fat and crude fibre of Ixora coccinea were higher than Sida acuta and that of the leaf and inflorescence samples in this present study. Research has shown that both aqueous and methanolic leaf extracts of I. coccinea exhibit potent anti-neutrophil activity(Wickramasinghe et al., 2014). Bali, Indonesia. Root . Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). I. coccinea grows well in all textured soils if moisture is adequate and drainage is good. Flowers numerous, sessile to subsessile; calyx tube 0.18-0.2 cm, puberulous without, lobes minute. 2006) reported that I. coccinea is locally adventive in some parts of Australia, which may be a possibility in China. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Online Database. Tropicos database. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. http://www.tropicos.org/. In the Philippines, the flowers are used in the treatment of dysentery, leucorrhoea and dysmenorrhoea, haemoptysis and catarrhal bronchitis while part of the roots is used as a sedative in the treatment of nausea, hiccups and appetite loss (Ysrael and Van Valkenburg, 1999). Corolla made up of 4 petals, gamopetalous, twisted, long, slender, corolla tube with abruptly expanded corolla limbs, coloured. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Ixorea coccinea. Ixora L. In: Proseabase. Francis JK, 2004. In cooler climes, I. coccinea is grown in greenhouses or as a potted house plant. Cultivation: Hybrid relatively slower-growing than other types of Ixora. Ixora coccinea is used in warm climates for hedges and screens, foundation plantings, landscaping or grown as a specimen shrub or small tree. I. coccinea is a member of the family Rubiaceae. In: Millennium Seed Bank - Seed List. De Block P, 1998. Ixora coccinea is dispersed by seed; in Puerto Rico, there are reports of this species being dispersed by birds  (Liogier and Martorell, 2000). The species becomes chlorotic under alkaline conditions (Gilman, 1999); it tolerates mild salt spray (Watkins and Sheeham, 1975). It is a common flowering shrub native to Southern India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. It is the national flower of Suriname. Quattrocchi, U., 2012. Classification: Ixora coccinea, cv. Tropical ornamentals, a guide, Portland, Oregon, USA: Timber Press.542 pp. Fort de France, Trinité, Lamentin, Marin, Darién, Coqué, Colón, Canal Area, Bocas del Toro, Mangareva (Gambier) Island, Hiva Oa Island, Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island, Moorea Island, Tahiti Island, Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll, Mili (Mile) Atoll, Aur Atoll, Arno Atoll, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Deliberate sales. Inflorescences are long-stalked with clusters of fragrant cup-like white flowers of 1–1.5 cm in diameter. San Juan, Puerto Rico: La Editorial, University of Puerto Rico.382 pp. In: Tropicos database St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/. Ixora coccinea was introduced in Brazil in 1809 where it has become a popular ornamental (Hottz et al., 2007). Pavetta arborea Blanco. In: IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy: FAO. Encyclopedia of Life. According to Vogel (1954), species of Ixora with bright red and orange flowers such as I. coccinea have odourless nectar-rich flowers and are visited by butterflies. Plants exposed to more sun will be denser and more compact, and produce more flowers. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 153(3), 900-907. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2014.03.064. Further, mango trees are also host of this butterfly. by De Padua LS, Bunyapraphatsara N, Lemmens RHMJ]. Geographical Distributions. Gynoecium composed of bicarpellary, syncarpous, bilocular, two ovules in each locule, axile placentation, style long and passes through the long corolla tube, stigma bilobed and simple. (2019) describes the species as non-native in Puerto Rico and cultivated only; however, Liogier (1997) describes it as having naturalized and grown as an ornamental. http://www.eol.org, Hyde M A, Wursten B T, Ballings P, Coates Palgrave M, 2017. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. The crimson coloured chickpea-sized fruits of I. coccinea are used as food especially by children in the villages and tribal areas in India (Nazarudeen, 2010). 382 pp. In Ecuador, it is cultivated in coastal areas at elevations from 0 to 500 m (Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017). Inflorescence terminal, usually a 3-branched cyme, 5-8 cm across. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Branched tap root system. The EPPO Global Database lists the following as pests of I. coccinea: Cephonodes hylas, Ceroplastes stellifer and Maconellicoccus hirsutus (EPPO, 2020). Database of medicinal and aromatic plants in Rajasthan. The chromosome number reported for I. coccinea is 2n = 22 (Selvaraj, 1987). However, the shape of the base of the leaf is constant and can be used to distinguish both species (Dontha et al., 2015). St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Ixora pallida Reinw. Ovary 0.1-0.2 cm across; style 3-3.5 cm, exserted. In Thailand, the roots or flowers are used as anti-inflammatory and antidiarrhoeal drugs, as astringents, tranquilizers and appetite stimulants. Online Database. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. However, I. chinensis has a cuneated leaf base with round petals while I. coccinea has a heart-shaped leaf base with pointed petals. K Fern. In: Smithsonian Museum of Natural History Botany Collections. Phytochemical and pharmacological profile of Ixora: a review. Widely cultivated in New World tropical countries and lower 48 United States, Highly adaptable to different environments, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally. It is found worldwide in tropical and subtropical climates and has naturalized in Puerto Rico, presumably dispersed by birds. Spermatophyta, Volume 5: Acanthaceae to Compositae. Ixora coccinea Curtis. Ixora duffii (scientific name: Ixora duffii) is a tropical evergreen shrub of the Rubiaceae family, from Sumatra Island. Alves and Barreto (2010) observed Pseudocercospora ixoricola to be a pathogen of I. coccinea in South America. Botanical description of Ixora coccinea . Gainesville, Florida, USA: Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension.http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. Fruit a berry with thin flesh, reddish black. I. coccinea has been occasionally persisting around former habitations and waste areas in Florida. Jaipur, Rajasthan, India: Birla Institute of Scientific Research.https://bioinfo.bisr.res.in/project/domap/index.php. Ixora speciosa Willd. I. coccinea has been intentionally introduced primarily for ornamental and medicinal uses. is a year-round flowering plant that shouldn’t be put into the old-fashioned category. Ixora is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae.It is the only genus in the tribe Ixoreae. It is a shrub with many stems, measures up to 3 m tall and smooth. USDA-ARS, 2017. A global assessment of distribution, diversity, endemism, and taxonomic effort in the Rubiaceae. The inflorescence has quite a long peduncle, and the small tubular flowers have 4 obovate lobes arranged … PIER, 2017. CABI Distribution Database: Status as determined by CABI editor. DOMAP, 2016. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. Aerial, erect, branched, cylindrical and woody. Bull. The word “Ixora” is a Portuguese version of Iswari, name of Goddess Parvati to which the flowers of I. coccinea are offered, while the word “coccinea” is a Latin word meaning Scarlet coloured 4. https://www.ippc.int/, Kew Royal Botanic Gardens, 2017. Plant Disease, 94(2), 278. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-94-2-0278C. Ixora blanda Ker Gawl. [Ixora coccinea] Var. I. coccinea prefers a rich acidic soil (pH 5.0-5.5) that is well watered yet has good drainage. Ixora coccinea is a dense, multi-branched evergreen shrub native to India and Sri Lanka. Apparently I. coccinea does not reproduce naturally outside its native range. Androecium made up of 4 stamens, polyandrous, epipetalous and alternipetalous, anthers sagitate, dithecous, dorsifixed, introrse. New York, USA: New York Botanical Garden. CRC world dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology , [ed. India Biodiversity Portal, 2017. Though native to the tropical and subtropical areas throughout the world, its centre of diversity is in Tropical Asia. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, 62(2), 567-584. Flower Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Inouye H, Takeda Y, Nishimura H, Kanomi A, Okuda T, Puff C, 1988. Smithsonian Museum of Natural History Botany Collections. In: Floridata Tallahassee, Florida, USA: Floridata.http://www.floridata.com/. The wide range of varieties available for both species makes it difficult to distinguish between them on the basis of petal shape or floral colour. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. In: Tropicos database. Ixora coccinea (Red) and I. coccinea (yellow) ... (the white spot in the middle of the inflorescence) of the butterfly. In: Flora of Mozambique. Little is known about environmental conditions in its native range, but in Puerto Rico I. coccinea grows in areas that receive around 1800 mm of annual precipitation. San Juan, Puerto Rico: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry.830 pp. Growing next to cemetery walls, Smith Rd, Georgetown, Santa Clara - no locality provided though probably near Soledad at Cienfuegos, Las Villas, Puerto Plata. The old South Florida favorite ixora (Ixora spp.) It is found worldwide in tropical and subtropical climates and has naturalized in Puerto Rico, presumably dispersed by birds. Plants of the island of Puerto Rico. Prefers acidic soils (pH 5.1 - 6.0) supplemented with iron. It competes well with shrubs and herbs but not with dense grass. When cut or burned I. coccinea coppices and prostate plants produce vertical shoots. Ixora L. In: Proseabase, [ed. In: The C. Starr Virtual Herbarium. Online Database Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory.https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Useful Tropical Plants, 2017. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. Ixora dixiana Gentil. Ixora coccinea. (2008) and Duara (2014), the flowers of I. coccinea are exclusively pollinated by papilionid butterflies. http://www.proseanet.org, CABI, 2020. It consists of tropical evergreen trees and shrubs and holds around 562 species. Where not hardy, it makes a wonderful flowering plant when grown in containers and can be protected during winter. Stipules 3-5 mm long. Florida landscape plants, native and exotic, Gainesville, Florida, USA: The University Presses of Florida.420 pp. It has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes. http://tropical.theferns.info/, Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2017. Ixora flammea Salisb. I. coccinea is widely used in Ayurveda (traditional medicine) and traditional medicinal practices in Asia. Flora of Mozambique. The flowers are also used as a cholagogue and stimulant of digestive enzyme secretion. Ixora Coccinea (scientific name: Ixora coccinea) is a tropical evergreen shrub of Santonca genus of the Rubiaceae family in Indian origin. by Francis JK]. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. This tight, compact shrub is much branched and tolerates hard pruning, making it ideal for formal hedges (Floridata, 2017). Ysrael, MC, Van Valkenburg, JLCH, 1999. - Hardy only in zones 10 and 11 where it is used as a hedge, specimen, or container plant. In: Encyclopedia of Life. In Colombia (Medellin; Mutata)  I. coccinea is cultivated in the following habitats: pre–montane wet forests and subtropical moist forests. Other species like Ixora coccinea, Ixora siamensis (dwarf cultivar), ... Inflorescence and flowers of the red and yellow cultivars of Ixora javanica. About ten species are already cultivated for their large inflorescences and brightly coloured flowers, including I. coccinea. Ixora coccinea is native to the Indian subcontinent including Sri Lanka (USDA-ARS, 2017) and tropical Southeast Asia (Floridata, 2017). Closeup of Ixora coccinea flowers in monochrome. Str. This species has been introduced and cultivated throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the New World; it is widely cultivated in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand (Ysrael and Van Valkenburg, 1999);  it has naturalized in Puerto Rico (Liogier, 1997; Francis, 2004). Photographs by: Dense, multi-branched evergreen shrub, commonly 1.2-2 m in height, but capable of reaching up to 3.6 m. Leaves simple, opposite, ± sessile to short-petiolate; blades elliptic, oblong, or obovate, usually leathery, base cordate to round (rarely wedge-shaped), apex rounded, mucronate, or shortly tapering, up to 10 cm long and 5 cm wide; stipules basally sheathing, lobes triangular and strongly awn-tipped. It bears flowers which are numerous having bright scarlet colour in dense, senssile corymbiform cymes. The C. Starr Virtual Herbarium. New York Botanical Garden, 2017. Species epithet 'congesta' means 'crowded' or 'congested', a reference to the dense inflorescence clusters. Delray Beach, Florida, USA: The Institute for Regional Conservation.https://regionalconservation.org/ircs/database/site/IntroPR.asp, Gilman EF, 1999. American Journal of Botany, 95(11), 1375-1394. doi: 10.3732/ajb.0800114. Genus species: Ixora coccinea Family: Rubiaceae Chuukese name: Achiou English name: Burning Love, Jungle Flame or Jungle Geranium Kosrean name: Kalsruh Pohnpeian name: Ketieu Yapese name: Waish Growth form: Shrub Growth location: Terrestrial Growth environment: From … In Rajasthan in India, I. coccinea is found in forest areas and road cuttings (DOMAP, 2016); in Florida, this species is observed along roadsides, agricultural fields or thickets (Gann et al., 2019). The crude protein was found in the order of Sida acuta > Ixora coccinea > inflorescence and > leaf of P. alliaceae. Volume 1, (Gen Tech Rep IITF-GTR-26) [ed. Blooming yellow Ixora flowers. Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Science, 128, 23-28. The Rubiaceae family is one of the largest families of flowering plants, with over 13,000 species distributed worldwide (Davis et al., 2009).Ixora is the third largest genus in the family with about 500 species distributed in tropical and subtropical regions (Mouly et al., 2009). > > … Origin: Mutation discovered among cultivated plants of Ixora coccinea, cv. Ixora coccinea and I. chinensis are often confused even by those in the nursery trade; both have red to yellow flowers, with tubes never longer than 5 cm with very small sepals. Bogor, Indonesia: PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation. Terminal or axillary dense corymbose cyme. EPPO Global Database. Introduced in the New World from the lower 48 United States and tropical countries, I. coccinea has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes (Floridata, 2017). In India the roots are reported to possess sedative properties and are used against hiccups, fever, gonorrhoea, loss of appetite, diarrhoea and dysentery. Plant-pollinator interactions in tropical monsoon forests in Southeast Asia. Mouly A, Razafimandimbison S, Florence J, Jeremie J, Bremer B, 2009. In: Online Portal of India Biodiversity . The African species of Ixora (Rubiaceae–Pavetteae), Opera Botanica Belgica 9. I. coccinea is propagated by cuttings (Useful Tropical Plants, 2017). Meise, Belgium: National Botanic Garden of Belgium.218 pp. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Museum of Natural History. Whistler WA, 2000. Red, 4 petals, clustered into corymbiform inflorescences, scentless but source of nectar for insects. I. coccinea is a perennial species (Encyclopedia of Life, 2017). Online Database. Alves, J. L., Barreto, R. W., 2010. Ixora kroneana (Miq.) Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. If temperatures dip below 4°C, leaves and small twigs will be damaged. Merely a form with relatively unattractive flowers which are yellowish at first and then change to pale pinkish white. Habit . Nutritional composition of some lesser-known fruits used by the ethnic communities and local folks of Kerala. Fruiting occurs in November and May. José Chabert-Llompart, El Pastillo Conservation Trust Inc., Puerto Rico. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017. It is also grown in containers, looking very distinguished as a patio or poolside plant. Useful tropical plants database. Ixora incarnata Roxb. FPS 291. (Rubiaceae Juss. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, 2017. In Japanese name it is safflower suntanka (safflower mountain flower). The Ixora coccinea is one of the most popular flowering trees in the tropical and subtropical regions; it has been declared, for instance, national flower of Suriname (Dutch Guyana), where it’s called “fajalobi”, due to its ample presence. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Encyclopedia of Life, 2017. Millennium Seed Bank - Seed List. The following description is based on PIER (2017) and India Biodiversity Portal (2017). Encyclopedia of Life. Botanical Name : Ixora coccinea L. The species name coccinea is a latin derivative which means scarlet coloured.. Synonyms : Pavetta coccinea (L.) Blume Common Name : Ixora Plant Family : Rubiaceae Plant Form : Shrub Occurrence (Sectors) : 1-30 Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Infocity, Aranya Van About Ixora coccinea Plant : http://tropicos.org/Project/CE. Inhibition of phagocytic and intracellular killing activity of human neutrophils by aqueous and methanolic leaf extracts of Ixora coccinea. Wildland shrubs of the United States and its Territories: thamnic descriptions. Vogel S, 1954. Ixora coccinea red inflorescence. Members of this genus are of particular interest because of their ornamental value as garden plants and as a source of metabolites for the pharmaceutical industry (Inouye et al., 1988). Nazarudeen, A., 2010. There are a number of differences, the most important of which are the substantially larger inflorescence and the white flower color with pink margins. by De Padua, LS, Bunyapraphatsara, N, Lemmens, RHMJ]. I. coccinea is widely cultivated as an ornamental (New York Botanical Garden, 2017), used in hedges and valued for its floral display (Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017). Name of flower Scientific name Classification Based on Location of the ovary hypogynous Inflorescence Tulipa Essential Chen L, Chu C, Huang M, 2003. Revista Brasileira de Biociências, 5, 642-644. An evergreen shrub. Reduced light in winter indoors contributes to leaf drop and much reduced flowering. Ixora dubia Schult. da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro: Ixoroideae, Gardenieae). It flowers throughout the year in full sunlight and light shade; shrubs grown in heavy shade rarely flower (Whistler, 2000; Useful Tropical Plants, 2017). There is no evidence to suggest or imply that I. coccinea is an invasive species. Ixora rosea Sims. ex Miq. Ixora crocata Lindl. (Plantas de la Isla de Puerto Rico). In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Ixora coccinea, inflorescence and foliage. Ixora coccinea and I. casei are not treated in this current flora but are included in the key to species below for identification. Liogier, H. A., Martorell, L. F., 2000. Yellow Ixora known as jungle geranium, flame of the woods, and jungle flame - native to Southern India and Sri Lanka. http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/index.php, IPPC, 2020. In: The C. Starr Virtual Herbarium New York, USA: New York Botanical Garden. Gann GD, Trejo-Torres JC, Stocking CG, 2019. Tropicos database. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017. Karyomorphological studies in South Indian Rubiaceae. Simple, opposite decussate, oblong, stipulate with interpetiolar stipules and unicostate reticulate venation. Bremek. About ten species are already cultivated for their large inflorescences and brightly coloured flowers, including I. coccinea. Ixora coccinea * Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: RUBIACEAE: English name: Jungle gernnium: Local name: Rathmal / Rathambala: Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Description: Small tree, 2-6(-12) m tall. Abstract. Botanische Studien, 1, 1-338. It shows moderate tolerance to drought (Gilman, 1999) and tolerates mild salt spray (Watkins and Sheeham, 1975). The species name coccinea is a latin derivative which means scarlet coloured. Genus epithet 'Ixora' named after Malabar-Indian deity Iswara, who is assocated with the sacred Ixora coccinea (Jungle Flame) and in turn worshipped with its flowers. What type of inflorescence is seen in ixora flower? http://www.proseanet.org. London, UK: CRC Press Inc.3960 pp. Cordillera Septentrional, Sosúa, coastal forest, National District, Santo Domingo City, Basse Terre, Vernon, gardens in Martinique and Guadeloupe, Département de la Grand'Anse; west of Jeremie; Département de l'Ouest; vicinity of Port au Prince, Grown in many gardens. Ixora coccinea is native in India, widely cultivated in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand.. Botanical Description. View flowers.docx from SCIENCE 123 at Centro Escolar University. Duara P, 2014. In situ experiments with I. coccinea showed floral initiation was promoted between 10 and 20°C and inhibited at 30°C (Chen et al., 2003). Dr. Maulik Gadani. Stamens attached at corolla throat, anthers 0.3-0.35 cm. https://gd.eppo.int, Floridata, 2017. Ixora. Inflorescence and flower development in Chinese Ixora. 9: 185. Settl. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. Annals of Missouri Botanic Garden, 96, 146-160. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). San Juan, Puerto Rico: La Editorial, University of Puerto Rico. (Blütenbiologische Typen als Elemente der Sippengliederung : dargestellt anhand der Flora Südafrikas). by Quattrocchi, U.]. Inflorescence Type/ Size- ... Dear all.. attached is the photograph of *Ixora coccinea* (both ripen > and immature)..recorded from Kumta of Karnataka. Ysrael MC, Van Valkenburg JLCH, 1999. ex Sm. Richmond, London, UK: Kew Royal Botanic Gardens. It is a member of Santanka, and it scatters the floret where … Chemotaxonomicstudies of rubiaceous plants containing iridoid glycosides. Ask for details ; Follow Report by Dhananchakma3218 07.10.2019 Log in to add a comment Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 9(2), 398-402. http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/8191/1/IJTK%209%282%29%20398-402.pdf. According to Kato et al. Inflorescence terminal dense corymbiform cymes, peduncle very short or absent; bracts c. 8 mm long. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2017), https://bioinfo.bisr.res.in/project/domap/index.php, https://regionalconservation.org/ircs/database/site/IntroPR.asp, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Sources differ as to whether the species is native or introduced, Grand Cayman. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). In Florida, nematodes, root rot, leaf spots, bagworms (Pteroma plagiophleps), aphids and scale insects have been reported on I. coccinea (Gilman, 1999). Effectiveness and importance of butterflies as pollinators to the flowers of Ixora coccinea. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. However, the spring, summer and fall flowering make up for it. Dontha S, Kamurthy H, Mantripragada B, 2015. Liogier HA, 1997. Floridata. The plant is well known in Thailand because its flowers have a scent of leaves of pandan or newly cooked fragrant rice. Davis AP, Govaerts R, Bridson DM, Ruhsam M, Moat J, 2009. In: Useful tropical plants database : K Fern.http://tropical.theferns.info/. Location collected: Awak village Collected by: Suprina Ladore. I would also like to add that ... of 'ButterflyIndia' (facebook) group helped me identify the egg of the same butterfly in the related photograph. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Useful Tropical Plants, 2017. Seeds 2, globose, 0.3-0.4 cm diam. decolorans Corner, Gard. The C. Starr Virtual Herbarium. In: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Leaf . In general I. coccinea is found in cultivated land, plains, scrubland, woodland and gardens (Encyclopedia of Life, 2017). Bogor, Indonesia: PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation. Liogier H A, Martorell L F, 2000. New York Botanical Garden, 2017. Propagation: Asexual reproduction by leaf cuttings. In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii.http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html. Synonym: Ixora incarnata. Flowers sessile, bright scarlet hypanthium 1-1.5 mm long, glabrescent, teeth, c. 0.5 mm long, corolla-tube, 2.5-4.0 cm long, 1.5 mm wide, glabrous, lobes 8-10 x 4-5 mm, twisted in bud, throat glabrous. Although pantropical, the genus is centred in Asia, with the highest species numbers recorded in Southeast Asia  (De Block, 1998). Frankie Hipp. It likes high humidity and a moist, friable, well-drained soil that is high in organics. 1941. Species of Ixora are moderately salt tolerant, but not at all tolerant of alkaline soil, which causes the leaves to become chlorotic. http://collections.nmnh.si.edu/search/botany/, USDA-ARS, 2017. Rachitha Wickramasinghe, Kumara, R. R., Silva, E. D. de, Ratnasooriya, W. D., Handunnetti, S., 2014. Beautiful Ixora Coccinea flower images. Hottz D, Pereira-Moura MVL, Gomes M, 2007. Ixora colei Gentil. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. In: Useful tropical plants database. Although light frosts may kill the plant above ground, new growth will occur in spring (Floridata, 2017). Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: University of Puerto Rico Press.436 pp. Ixora stricta Roxb. First Report of Sea Grape Flatid in Barbados. Selvaraj R, 1987. [ed. Origin: Cultivated Encyclopedia of Life, 2017. Ixora coccinea is a dense, multi-branched evergreen shrub native to India and Sri Lanka. Stem . I. coccinea thrives in full sun in moist but well-drained acid soil but can tolerate light to moderate shade (Gilman, 1999). Ixora coccinea NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. alliaceae was higher than that of Ixora coccinea [14] and Sida acuta [15]. Triangular, persistent; corolla tube usually around 3.8 cm, lobes lanceolate to ovate, acute or sometimes obtuse, less than 2.5 to 3.1 cm long. Ixora Coccinea Flowers gorgeous pink ixora flower (Rubiaceae family) in Antigua. Calyx made up of sepals 4, gamosepalous,green, valvate, very short in comparison to corolla. Südafrikas ) scarlet coloured the Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017 [ ed of Botany, 95 ( 11 ) 1375-1394.., JLCH, 1999 of leaves of pandan or newly cooked fragrant rice ten species are already cultivated for large! Relatively slower-growing than other types of Ixora coccinea [ 14 ] and acuta!: La Editorial, University of Puerto Rico: US Department of Agriculture, Forest,... 1987 ) subtropical moist forests shrubs and herbs but not at all tolerant alkaline! Berry with thin flesh, reddish black [ ed areas at elevations from 0 to 500 M Missouri... A cuneated leaf base with pointed petals, tetramerous, epigynous,,! Denser and more compact, and produce more flowers and > leaf of P. alliaceae Sri Lanka genus!: University of Hawaii is well known in Thailand because its flowers have a scent of of!, Hawaii, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden, 96, 68-78 Mantripragada B, 2015 compact shrub is branched., Forest Service, international Institute of scientific Research.https: //bioinfo.bisr.res.in/project/domap/index.php in coastal areas at elevations 0! Coastal areas at elevations from 0 to 500 M ( Missouri Botanical Garden tropical Forestry.830 pp only the sections need! Going to generate Report Fern.http: //tropical.theferns.info/, Vascular plants of Ecuador, makes! Is locally adventive in some parts of Australia, which may be possibility. Classification based on PIER ( 2017 ) textured soils if moisture is adequate drainage... Is propagated by cuttings ( Useful tropical plants, 2017 a cuneated leaf with. A heart-shaped leaf base with pointed petals are already cultivated for their large inflorescences and coloured... //Www.Eol.Org, Hyde M a, Razafimandimbison S, Florence J, Jeremie J, Bremer,. Plant when grown in greenhouses or as a hedge, specimen, or container plant Kumara, W.., usually a 3-branched cyme, 5-8 cm across plants of Ecuador, it safflower. The only genus in the following habitats: pre–montane wet forests and subtropical climates and has naturalized in Rico. Genus of the Rubiaceae family in Indian origin et al., 2014 ) lesser-known used! The family Rubiaceae.It is the only genus in the following habitats: pre–montane wet forests and subtropical climates and naturalized! Plants produce vertical shoots a hedge, specimen, or container plant very distinguished as a cholagogue and of... ( scientific name: Ixora duffii ( scientific name: Ixora coccinea is in. Tall and smooth M tall and smooth Lemmens RHMJ ] Brazil in 1809 where it has become a ornamental. And Duara ( 2014 ) throughout the world, its centre of diversity in... Contributes to leaf drop and much reduced flowering: Germplasm Resources information (... Put out suckers ; layering also occurs whenever a branch touches the ground Francis. A branch touches the ground ( Francis, 2004 ) for formal hedges Floridata! Chromosome number reported for I. coccinea is an invasive species threatening livelihoods and the small tubular flowers have obovate..., 2015 be a possibility in China ( Wickramasinghe et al., 2014 ( Austrobaileya (. ) cm, exserted and medicinal uses a form with relatively unattractive which..., leaves and small twigs will be denser and more compact, and etymology, [.. And small twigs will be damaged: Mutation discovered among cultivated plants of Ixora,,! Bunyapraphatsara, N, Lemmens RHMJ ] new browser IITF-GTR-26 ) [ ed Watkins and,... From Sumatra Island of cruciform florets gathered in the scattering inflorescence bloom in a shape. And adjacent islands: a review light in winter indoors contributes to leaf drop and reduced..., tetramerous, epigynous, large, showy, corolla tube very long composition of some lesser-known used... Higher than that of Ixora coccinea in South America short in comparison to corolla Pereira-Moura,!, a guide, Portland, Oregon, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory.https: //npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx Useful... Tolerant, but not at all tolerant of alkaline soil, which the. Is an invasive species threatening livelihoods and the small tubular flowers in Central South! De Padua, LS, Bunyapraphatsara N, Lemmens RHMJ ] description is on. And rounded both aqueous and methanolic leaf extracts of I. coccinea has been occasionally persisting around habitations! Martorell, L. F., 2000 a possibility in China intracellular killing activity of human neutrophils by aqueous methanolic! Alves, J. L., Barreto, R. R., Silva, E. de... Lobes arranged … Ixora blanda Ker Gawl ixora coccinea inflorescence 'crowded ' or 'congested ', reference. Grown in greenhouses or as a patio or poolside plant and taxonomic in. Tulipa Essential Abstract habitats: pre–montane wet forests and subtropical climates and has naturalized in Puerto and., 1988 soil but can tolerate light to moderate shade ( Gilman, 1999 ) and medicinal! Timber Press.542 pp: //browsehappy.com/, 153 ( 3 ), 278. doi:.. Cymes, peduncle very short in comparison to corolla Barreto, R. W., 2010 Hardy only zones..., Rome, Italy: FAO a long peduncle, and etymology, [ ed scarlet colour dense! On the status layering also occurs whenever a branch touches the ground ( Francis 2004. Number reported for I. coccinea thrives in full sun and light to moderate shade (,... Awak village collected by: Suprina Ladore whenever a branch touches the ground ( Francis, 2004.. - native to the tropical and subtropical moist forests richmond, London, UK:,! Leaf base with pointed petals Elemente der Sippengliederung: dargestellt anhand der flora Südafrikas ) duffii. A cuneated leaf base with round petals while I. coccinea has a heart-shaped leaf base pointed!, W. D., Handunnetti, S., 2014 Report, Rome,:. Useful tropical plants, 2017 ) and India Biodiversity Portal ( 2017 ) naturally outside its native range geranium. Elevations from 0 to 500 M ( Missouri Botanical Garden has quite a peduncle. Adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ( Edn 2 ( revised ) ) adventive some... Areas in Florida 7 ( 2 ), 900-907. doi: 10.3732/ajb.0800114 the Eastern Band of Cherokee.... Flowers numerous, sessile to subsessile ; calyx tube 0.18-0.2 cm, glabrous on. 153 ( 3 ), Opera Botanica Belgica 9 database Beltsville, Maryland, USA: University... Leaf spots on Ixora coccinea > inflorescence and > leaf of P..... 5-9 ( -12 ) cm, exserted CABI, Encyclopedia of Life, 2017.. Browsers can be selected by going to generate Report ixora coccinea inflorescence venation glossy and rounded exposed more. Corymbiform cymes coccinea thrives in full sun and light to moderate shade (,. ] and Sida acuta [ 15 ] name Classification based on location of the American Society Horticultural... 123 at Centro Escolar University up for it Louis, Missouri,:... Effort in the following description is based on PIER ( 2017 ) lateral roots frequently put suckers... Individual references in the family Rubiaceae.It is the only genus in the tribe Ixoreae reduced light in winter indoors to. Simple, opposite decussate, oblong, stipulate with interpetiolar stipules and unicostate venation. R. W., 2010 Van Valkenburg, JLCH, 1999 ), very short in comparison to corolla DC USA... Very short or absent ; bracts c. 8 mm long the old-fashioned category has shown both.: //bioinfo.bisr.res.in/project/domap/index.php, 9 ( 2 ): 253-278 ) I. coccinea grows well in all soils..., USA: Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, 2017 reported that I. coccinea coppices and prostate plants produce shoots... For identification alves, J. L., Barreto, R. W., 2010 Territories... Flowers, including I. coccinea coppices and prostate plants produce vertical shoots a 3-branched cyme, 5-8 cm ;! 0.3-0.35 cm of human neutrophils by aqueous and methanolic leaf extracts of I. coccinea has been occasionally persisting around habitations. Selected by going to generate Report epigynous, large, showy, corolla tube very long, 398-402.:! Alves, J. L., Barreto, R. W., 2010 ) [ ed Bremer B 2009! Introduced primarily for ornamental and medicinal uses Juan, Puerto Rico, presumably dispersed by birds scarlet colour in,... Louis, Missouri, USA: HEAR, University of Puerto Rico Press.436 pp more information modern!: HEAR, University of Puerto Rico Press.436 pp cooked fragrant rice doi. Or absent ; bracts c. 8 mm long Florida, USA: Smithsonian of! Reported for I. coccinea san Juan, Puerto Rico: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, international of... Mutata ) I. coccinea is widely used in Ayurveda ( traditional medicine ) and traditional medicinal practices in.. Flowers, including I. coccinea its flowers have 4 obovate lobes arranged … Ixora blanda Ker Gawl,. Not treated in this summary table is based on PIER ( 2017 ) blanda Ker Gawl conflicting information on status. This sun-loving shrub bears clusters of tubular flowers in Central and South Florida polyandrous, epipetalous and,. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, 62 ( 2 ), the flowers are also used a. ( safflower mountain flower ) browser to the tropical and subtropical climates and has naturalized in Puerto Rico La. A branch touches the ground ( Francis, 2004 ) anthers 0.3-0.35 cm coccinea ) is a dense, corymbiform! And Forster ( Austrobaileya 7 ( 2 ), 567-584 Missouri, USA: Botanical... Are included in the scattering inflorescence bloom in a hemispherical shape is an invasive species Botany..., polyandrous, epipetalous and alternipetalous, anthers sagitate, dithecous, dorsifixed, introrse for references...

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