current conflicts in africa

The current ISIL insurgency in Tunisia is the militant and terror activity of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) branch in Tunisia. Although the government has taken initiative for growing more plants, the imbalance in nature cannot be covered by just a little effort. Updated 5:57 AM ET, Mon November 16, 2020. On Friday. Burkina Faso is the latest country to fall victim to the instability plaguing Africa’s … Tension arose in  2012, in the Boko Haram sect, the tension resulted into a split of the Boko Haram groups. Pin +1 WhatsApp Tweet Share Share Jobzella Email. The conflicts in Iraq, Libya, Syria and Yemen have killed hundreds of thousands of people and displaced millions. 10 Hidden Conflicts in Africa. But many senior officers were Tigrayan, much of its most powerful weaponry is there and the TPLF has seized the powerful Northern Command's headquarters in Mekelle. Groups of insurgence attackers began a campaign fight on 16 January 2012 against the government of Mali for independence or greater autonomy for Azawad an area in northern Mali. List of ongoing Conflicts. Abiy who won a Nobel Peace Prize last year, Forces from Ethiopia's Tigray region bombed Eritrean capital, Tigray leader says, War crimes feared in Ethiopia's Tigray conflict. Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed's government said on Monday it had captured another town in the northern Tigray region after nearly two weeks of fighting in a conflict … In several countries, incumbent long serving political leaders have found ways to manipula… ISIL activity was described as an armed insurgency; they are suicide attackers but later became terrorist aiming at the territory. Army. This is a conflict between the herdsmen (the cattle rearers), the dispute is always about the land where the cattle can graze. 1 Although the challenges of land conflict in Africa are not new, there have been polarized debates on how to address the varying land claims, most of which have revolved around people-centred reforms and market-centred land regimes (Alden and Anseeuw 2010). A task force set up by Abiy to handle the government's response to the crisis, said troops had "liberated" the town of Alamata from the TPLF. The second largest tribe is the Nuers tribe. Twelve (12) of the armed conflicts were in the continent of Africa which translates to 43% of conflicts in the world. Regards croisés * * * Published on Thursday, February 20, 2020 by Anastasia Giardinelli . More people are being killed as a result of fighting in Afghanistan than in any other from Reuters - Thomson Reuters Foundation. A study by a German academic says religious conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa have been on the rise for decades. This leads to the death of people. Current Conflicts In Africa has left millions of persons in an unpleasant situation, some have become refugees while others internally displaced. There have been several attacks on civilians in the Sahel in the past few months and violence related to local conflicts in the area this year has reached unprecedented levels. Addis AbabaEthiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed's government said on Monday it had captured another town in the northern Tigray region after nearly two weeks of fighting in a conflict already spilling into Eritrea and destabilizing the wider Horn of Africa. It refers to some form of discord arising within a group when the beliefs or actions of one or more members of the group are unaccepted or resisted by one or more members of another group. Africa 2 days ago Ethiopian armed forces launch assault on rebel region, officials say The three week-long conflict started following an attack by rebels on a military base. Army. The herdsmen conflict can be between the cattle rearers and farmers (in particular the Tiv or Tarok). Reuveny, R. 2007. The Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF) has around 140,000 personnel and plenty of experience from fighting Islamist militants in Somalia, rebel groups in border regions and a two-decade border standoff with Eritrea. Eritrea's President Isaias Afwerki -- a long-time foe of the Tigrayan leaders -- controls a vast standing army which the United States' CIA puts at 200,000 personnel. Join Face2Face Africa on this disturbing, sometimes painful review of some of Africa’s biggest conflicts: the principal actors, the casualty figures, Angola, which has seen an estimated 500,000 people killed since 1989 and an estimated 3 million refugees. Researcher Matthias Basedau says weak African states are a major cause. This type of conflict that one or more members of a group resisted the action of another member of the same group is known as intergroup conflict, it’s a conflict that involves violence, killing, and destruction. While Africa has had its share of inter-state wars, the majority of its conflicts were internal, and these internal conflicts appear to be increasing, as elsewhere. The Center for Preventive Action's (CPA) Global Conflict Tracker is an interactive guide to ongoing conflicts around the world of concern to the United States. Are terrorist groups stoking local conflicts in the Sahel? It is true there were tribal tensions and tribal conflicts in those days before the arrival of nationalism. But even [when there is coverage of conflicts in] Africa, the death toll has little to do with the levels of coverage. Published on 22 Jun 2005. The fighting has spread beyond Tigray into Amhara, whose local forces are allied with Abiy's forces. Rugege, D., U. Dinkas constitute 35% of the total population of the with predominance government. Share on: Updated on November 28 2020. Inequality and social conflict over land in Africa. This is a conflict between the Islamist militants and Egyptian security forces. In seeking to explain the violence that has struck the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) over the past two decades, analysis to date has focused predominantly on ideological and identity-based factors. "We are not the initiators of this conflict and it is evident that Abiy Ahmed conducted this war as an attempt to consolidate his personal power," he added, warning that Ethiopia could become a failed state or disintegrate. NigeriaNigeria faces multiple conflicts, most prominently a decade-long insurgency in the northeast … Get the latest African news from BBC News in Africa: breaking news, features, analysis and special reports plus audio and video from across the African continent. Please enter your username or email address to reset your password. Conflict over diamonds, power, ravages continent. Current Conflict In Africa And Examples encompasses colonial wars, wars of independence, episodes of national violence, global conflicts, and secessionist and separatist conflict etc, this conflicts has been for decades now, many countries in Africa in one way or the other had a share in the conflict. The sites covers every ongoing conflict around the world, from Colombia to the Ogaden, from Kashmir to Western Sahara. Although the vast majority of conflicts in Africa today involve non-state actors, there has been a significant increase in state-based violence since 2010, with prominent examples in Nigeria, Libya, Mali, Somalia, the Central African Republic, and South Sudan. View the latest Africa news and videos from Nigeria, South Africa, Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Libya, Liberia and other African countries on CNN.com. One of the Current Conflict In Africa is the Communal conflicts in Nigeria. Information on peacebuilding organisations and the conflict in Uganda which has killed over 65,000 people and displaced more than 1.8 million. View the latest Africa news and videos from Nigeria, South Africa, Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Libya, Liberia and other African countries on CNN.com. Read Also: FUNCTIONS OF CIVIL SOCIETIES IN NIGERIA 2020. A conflict is a form of disagreement that happens between two parties, or between groups of people when the idea or action of one is against another. The worst of it all is that hundreds and thousands of people have lost their lives and properties in space of the civil wars and Current Conflicts happening In Africa. Katharina Lange; 12. However, there have been historical conflicts between the country and its neighbors. Fifteen Countries There are currently fifteen African countries involved in war, or are experiencing post-war conflict and tension. The Rich Subaltern Mindset. The current conflict situation in Zimbabwe. However, it wasn't that bad compared to what we are witnessing today in Africa. FORMAL OYO STATE GOVERNOR SENATOR ABIOLA AJUMOBI DEAD? 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These trends show few signs of stopping in 2019, as conflict and unrest threaten to expand in scope and scale. Narrating the current political conflicts in Africa. Tigray forces fired rockets into Eritrea at the weekend. Moreover, it is clear that the current phase of this violence is highly concentrated in a small number of high-profile conflicts: the Boko Haram insurgency in Central Africa, the Second Libyan Civil War to the north of the Sahara, and the al Shabaab insurgency in the continent’s eastern horn. Interactive: Click/Hover For Additional Insights. The 14 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 direct, … Boko Haram Insurgency in Nigeria was a violent war that destroys life and properties. Disorder spread across ACLED’s areas of coverage last year, with political violence and protest surging in more countries than they declined. In 2017 Africa experienced 18 state-based conflicts. Deforestation has become one of the major factors, which is affecting the ecological balance of not only Africa, but of the entire world. Many of the current conflicts … Why are there fears of civil war in Ethiopia? Second, I look at the current US ‘war on terror’, its causes, its connections These conflicts not only cause death but also cause emigration of foreign investors. This is a list of conflicts in Africa arranged by country, both on the continent and associated islands, including wars between African nations, civil wars, and wars involving non-African nations that took place within Africa. Current Conflict In Africa And Examples encompasses colonial wars, wars of independence, episodes of national violence, global conflicts, and secessionist and separatist conflict etc, this conflicts has been for decades now, many countries in Africa in one way or the other had a share in the conflict. The rival faction is people who are seeking to take full charge of the country territory and its crude oil. With communications mainly down and media barred, Reuters could not independently verify assertions made by all sides. Hundreds and thousands of people have been slaughtered from a number of conflicts and civil wars. Amnesty International has denounced the killing of scores and possibly hundreds of civilian laborers in a massacre that both sides have blamed on each other. A conflict is a form of disagreement that happens between two parties, or between … 2004. Tigray leaders accuse Abiy, who is from the largest Oromo ethnic group and Africa's youngest leader, of persecuting them and purging them from government and security forces over the last two years. A terror incident Bardo Museum and it was said  by Tunisian government that the terror was caused by Okba Ibn Nafaa Brigade but the  ISIL claimed to be responsible for a terror attack incident in Bardo Museum in March 2015, After a year that this incidence happened, in March 2016 there was a large border clash near Ben Guerdane. The herdsmen conflicts always resulted into the destruction of lives and prosperity, the highest casualties that have been recorded so far is up 2000 in the year 2004 and 2011, and 700 casualties were recorded in 2015. Tamer Farhat March 6, 2019 Be the first to comment. It encompasses colonial wars, wars of independence, secessionist and separatist conflicts, major episodes of national violence (riots, massacres, etc. ), and global conflicts in which Africa was a theatre of war. Current conflicts in Africa. A study by a German academic says religious conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa have been on the rise for decades. The Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), which governs the region of more than 5 million people, has accused Eritrea of sending tanks and thousands of soldiers over the border to support Ethiopian federal troops. There have been over 9 million refugees and internally displaced people from conflicts in Africa. The forces of the federal government was supported by African Union peacekeeping troops,  The Armed Forces of Somali land began engaging in various armed rebel groups by 1988–90, the rebels include the Somali Salvation Democratic Front in the northeast, the Somali National Movement in the northwest, and the United Somali Congress in the South. And the TPLF itself has a formidable history, spearheading the rebel march to Addis Ababa that ousted a Marxist dictatorship in 1991 and bearing the brunt of a 1998-2000 war with Eritrea that killed hundreds of thousands. There have recently been numerous civil wars and conflicts going in Africa, some of which are still going on, including. Shekau’s faction became ISIL’s West Africa branch in the year 2015. Abiy once fought alongside the Tigrayans and was a partner in government with them until 2018 when he took office, winning early plaudits for. Current armed conflicts in Africa are clustered in four regions: North Africa and the Sahel, West Africa, the Horn, and the Great Lakes region. The War in Darfur is a major armed conflict in the Darfur region of Sudan, it is also known as the Land Cruiser War. Boko Haram insurgency has begun in Nigeria since 2009 which started with the rebellion of the jihadist rose against Nigeria government, the rebellion was an armed rebellion that led to the death of many Nigerian. Boko Haram Insurgency in Nigeria (2009-Present)--The Islamic fundamentalist group Boko Haram is waging a war against the Nigerian government and against the Christian community in Nigeria. before we fully delve into this right up, here the questions begging for answers which we will fully answer in this piece; Current Conflicts In Africa are violent conflict and civil strife and are usually caused by bad governance and corruption, poverty, Ethnic marginalization, small arms and light weapons proliferation, human right violations, etc. Read “Conflicts in Africa—Introduction” to learn more. Sinai Insurgency is among the Current Conflicts In Africa which took place in the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. Introduction. Second, I look at the current US ‘war on terror’, its causes, its connections with Africa’s other wars, and its unfolding consequences for the continent. There are reports of defections of Tigrayan members of the ENDF. Journal of Agrarian Change, 4 (3), pp. In South Sudan, there are 64 tribes, among these tribes is Dinkas which is the largest of all. This statistic shows the number of conflicts in Sub-Saharan Africa from 2005 to 2019, by intensity of conflict. Land rights and land conflicts in Africa: The Tanzania case. It encompasses colonial wars, wars of independence, secessionist and separatist conflicts, major episodes of national violence (riots, massacres, etc. Pictured, North Korean soldiers march and shout slogans during a … Cultural conflicts and religious conflicts are the conflicts that happen between Christians and Muslims in the communities, it is a concurrent conflict and also violent. Tigray refugees who fled the conflict in Ethiopia's Tigray region, wait to receive aid at Umm Rakouba refugee camp in Qadarif, eastern Sudan, Nov. 24, 2020. 2019-10-14 . Before unveiling some of the current conflicts in Africa, there is a need to understand what conflict is. Apr 12 2018. New clashes in January 2016. Therefore, the phase of the Somali Civil War is concentrated more in southern Somalia since 2009 to date. Overall, post-conflict African countries are trying hard to deliver peace dividends—jobs, peace, freedom, democracy and the rule of law. This attacks in return resulted into death of thousands of the civilians. The insurgency is about attacks on the civilians which began after the start of the Egyptian Crisis, this Egyptian crisis led to the overthrown of the longtime Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak government during the revolution of the Egyptians in the year 2011. The official death toll was 49. E-mail: b-vlegaloutfit@gmx.co.uk "This paper examines African conflicts and the roles of the African Union (AU) in conflict resolution, focusing on the recent Zimbabwe and Kenya conflicts. Copenhagen, Danish Institute for International Studies. This article will be focusing on the conflicts happening in Africa currently. Friends, I am Adegboye a passionate writer, website developer, and internet addict, I love updating minds with informative updates. ACLED reports that between 2010 and 2016, the highest number of politically violent events occurred in Somalia, Nigeria, Egypt, South Africa, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). East Africa Food Crisis 2011 Posted Sunday, July 31, 2011. Africa Analysis Boko Haram Civilians At Risk Conflict Monitoring Ethnic Militias Focus On Militias Fulani Infographics Political Stability Rioting And Protests Unidentified Armed Groups Vigilante Militias Violence Against Civilians. A tragic factor in this is that the civilian populations bear the brunt of the casualties in such conflicts, estimated at some 80-90 per cent of total casualties across the world. Asmara denies that. Read Also: CIVIL WAR IN AFRICA: CAUSES AND SOLUTIONS 2020. Summary. The clearing of forest cover for wood and agricultural land has resulted in soil erosion, climate change, less rainfall, and many other adverse conditions. Listed below are the current wars and conflicts in the continent of Africa. This is a list of conflicts in Africa arranged by country, both on the continent and associated islands, including wars between African nations, civil wars, and wars involving non-African nations that took place within Africa. The second Libyan Civil war is an ongoing war happening between rival factions. © 2020 KenyaPrime by Adewebs Technologies. The war began with the conflict between the forces of the Federal Government of Somalia, and various militant terrorist groups and factions in early February 2009. Data Source: Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project. TPLF leader Debretsion Gebremichael urged the United Nations and African Union to condemn Ethiopia's federal troops, accusing them of using of high-tech weaponry including drones in attacks he said smashed a dam and a sugar factory. Power struggles hostile groups overpopulation economic or religious disparities oppression and... 3. Comparative perspectives Raconter les politiques conflictuelles en Afrique. AND CONFLICT IN AFRICA THE TRAGEDY OF ENDOWMENT Abiodun Alao “Here is another important work from one of Africa’s finest scholars on Conflict and Security Studies. NUVÆRENDE konflikter i Afrika 2020 | you need to know the current conflicts in the shore of Africa, and every necessary information. Burkina Faso. 269–314. Two conflict and conflict resolution theories: Hobessian This conflict is rampant in the Middle Belt of Nigeria e.g Taraba, Benue, and Plateau. The Oromo–Somali clashes began after a territorial dispute between Oromo and Somali communities in Ethiopia in December 2016. First, it was the struggle for independence from the colonial rule then liberation from dictatorships that merged from independence. 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Conflicts in South Sudan is often caused by the nomadic groups overgrazing of cattle in the land. Many of these conflicts were amalgams of local and regional armed confrontations, overlaid by the international In 2019, there were 14 disputes in Sub-Saharan Africa. Although the poverty rate in Africa has dropped in recent years, rapid population growth … It encompasses colonial wars, wars of independence, secessionist and separatist conflicts, major episodes of national violence (riots, massacres, etc. Many Conflicts Throughout Africa. There are too many Current Conflict In Africa resulting in casualties. Yirgou village in north-central Burkina Faso was attacked on 1 January. Political/Domestic: . South Africa has no current conflicts with its neighbors in-line with its "quiet diplomacy" policy. The Mozambican security forces in Cabo Delgado Province, Mozambique. Central African Republic War - (2012-present)-Rebels seized several major cities and towns as they advanced on the capital city of … 14 articles on “Conflicts in Africa” and 1 related issue: Conflicts in Africa—Introduction Last updated Wednesday, May 12, 2010. “Africa is no more prone to violent conflicts than other regions. In East Africa, the countries include Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda. More than 50% of the world’s armed conflicts are in one continent, Africa, and analysts agree that diamonds and other precious metals as well as power struggles are the biggest causes. After all, the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) took over the region in April 2012. The Northern Mali Conflict is also known as Mali Civil War is an armed conflict. Poor flows of private capital into some African countries... 2. CAUSES OF CONFLICT IN AFRICA 1. When this happens sometimes it leads to war and the war always take a longer time to settle but every conflict must come to an end with time. There has been a significant increase in state-based violence and conflict in Africa since 2010. This  conflict  initially was between the government of the House of Representatives (HoR) that was elected controversially in 2014, also the government is known as the “Tobruk government”; and the  General National Congress (GNC) endorsed government, also known as  “ National Salvation Government “, based in capital Tripoli that was established after operation odyssey and the failed military coup. Into mid-2011, the world’s worst food crisis is being felt in East Africa, in Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya. Although the vast majority of conflicts in Africa today involve non-state actors, there has been a significant increase in state-based violence since 2010, with prominent examples in Nigeria, Libya, Mali, Somalia, the Central African Republic, and South Sudan. The activity of ISIL in Tunisia started in June 2015, with the Sousse attacks. The Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project, which monitors incidents of conflict around the world, found that there had been 21 600 incidents of armed conflict in Africa … Republic of the Congo 1. Climate change-induced migration and violent conflict. This is a list of conflicts in Africa arranged by country, both on the continent and associated islands, including wars between African nations, civil wars, and wars involving non-African nations that took place within Africa. If one place has borne the brunt of international lawlessness over the past year it is Yemen. While this is a decrease from the all-time high of 21 in 2016, it is substantially higher than ten years ago, with 12 conflicts in 2007. Poor economic performance: . The violence has displaced thousands of people in Southern Somalia. Siad Barre was the former British Empire of Somali land. ... violence soon resumed after a failed military offensive to wipe out the LRA in their hideouts in Garamba leading to its current incursions in Central African Republic and parts of Democratic Republic of Congo. Coupled with the debt problem. This article explores why Africa has been largely ignored and what some of the root causes of the problems are. The Central African Republic Civil War is a government conflict, the rebels from the Séléka coalition and the Anti-balaka militias. Report. Now, many African countries are facing a struggle of getting proper democratic governance. Political Geography, 26, pp. There has been a significant increase in state-based violence and conflict in Africa since 2010. This insurgency is ongoing in Mozambique between Ansar al-Sunna, an Islamist militant group in an attempt to establish an Islamic state in Mozambique. The first Libyan Civil war was referred to as the Libyan Revolution or 17 February revolution, it was an armed conflict in the North Africa country of Libyan, it took place between forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi and those seeking to oust his government. "Abiy Ahmed is waging this war on the people of Tigray and he is responsible for the purposeful infliction of human suffering on the people and destruction of major infrastructure projects," he said. The report says, African countries have undergone two forms of governance liberation, yet remain stuck in the middle of a third one. Poverty. conflict has changed. The herder farmer conflicts are also known as the Herdsmen conflict. It started from January 2012 between the northern and the southern parts of Mali in Africa. [African] conflicts are frequently brushed off and dismissed as being chaotic, or worthy of some vague pity or humanitarian concern, but rarely of any in-depth political analysis. Peters, P.E. Dr. Hogendoorn opened the discussion by outlining the current dynamics of conflict in the Horn of Africa, emphasizing how long-term historical rivalries continue to play a profound role in the region and have been further complicated by new developments. About Wars and Post-War Conflicts. The Somali Civil War is an armed conflict ongoing in Somalia, the war started since 1991 after the overthrow of the dictator the person of Siad Barre by the clan-based armed opposition groups. This conflict has become rampant, even Dennis Blair who was before the Director of National Intelligence gave a warning that a new mass killing or genocide ( a name was given to South Sudan violence by the Department of International Development)  is most likely to take place in Southern Sudan, he said this in the year 2010. "They fled, taking along around 10,000 prisoners," it added, without specifying where those were from. The current crisis in Tigray has not appeared from the clear blue sky. Although some scholars on conflict in Africa (Obasanjo 1991, Anyang’ Nyong’o 1991 and Msabaha 1991) agree that conflict in Africa stems primarily from crises of national governance and from the failure of governmental institutions in African countries to mediate conflict, this article engages the colonial factor as the root of many conflicts in Africa. It began in February 2003 when the   Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) rebel groups and Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) began a fight against the Sudanese government in the Darfur region of Sudan .it all started when the groups were accused of oppressing Darfur’s non- Arab population, the government responded to this conflict attack by carrying out a campaign of ethnic cleansing against non – Arabs of Darfur’s. Degradation in the quality of soil and loss of fertility has also become a very serious concern. In other words, Conflict itself is as a result of an argument that generates from misunderstanding and disagreement. Africa drowning in armed conflicts. The tribal tensions and tribal conflicts we witness today in Africa are some of the outcomes of the failures of nationalism. Peace deal signed on August 7 2019) – al-Shabab (Jihadist group not linked to al-Shabaab somali group) Puntland 1. Here on this Blog we give you Informational Interview, Informative Topics, Informative Research, Informative Definition, Informative text, Informative Podcast and everything you need to know that are informative In nature. – Galgala militia (rebel fighters loyal to sheikh Mohamed Said Atom) – Often there are clashes with Somaliland army. It is our heart desire that peace reign in Africa, and even in the world but efforts made to restore in some of the above-listed countries has proven abortive. Likewise, conflict can arise between members of the same group, this is referred to as intergroup … There was no immediate comment from Tigray's leaders on events in Alamata, near the border with Amhara state, about 120 km (75 miles) from Tigray's capital Mekelle. Below are the Current Conflicts In Africa: Ethnic violence in South Sudan has been before 2011, it has a long history among South Sudan’s varied ethnic groups. Virtually all Ethiopia's neighbours and partners are against the conflict in Tigray, but can they stop it? Get the latest African news from BBC News in Africa: breaking news, features, analysis and special reports plus audio and video from across the African continent. Second are conflicts which according to Project Plough Shares armed conflicts report 2014, in 2013 alone there were a total of 28 armed conflicts in 25 countries across the world. historiographical survey of the typologies of wars in Africa in which I distinguish between five types, namely, what I call imperial wars, anti-colonial wars, intra-state wars, inter-state wars, and international wars. One group was led by Abu Usmatul al-Ansari, they are the  Salafist conservative sect led by and the most violent and dominant sect was led by Abubakar Shekau. It was the multifaceted conflicts in Africa and Asia – often arising from problems of decolonisation and state formation and bad governance but also from external factors - that mainly gave rise to UN peacekeeping. The nature of violent conflicts in Africa has changed since before independence when they were mostly ideologically-driven guerilla warfare. The conflict is a long time conflict and it can be categorized into two: Ethnic Conflicts is group into cultural, ethnic, or religious communities and identities. The Somali Civil War was led by Siad Barre when it was born out of resistance to the military during the 1980s. Map of Major Ongoing Conflicts in Africa, 2014 – 2015. If you take a good look at the African society, you will realize there are … Researcher Matthias Basedau says weak African states are a major cause. The humanitarian crisis there – the world’s worst – could deteriorate further in 2019 if the key players do not seize the opportunity created over the past weeks by UN Special Envoy Martin Griffiths in achieving a partial ceasefire and encouraging a series of confidence-building steps. In West Africa, the countries include Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and Togo. He says they rose up against him by attacking a military base.

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